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Amenhotep II and the Historicity of the Exodus Pharaoh The present in-depth work examines the trustworthiness of Biblical history by using the Hebrew exodus from Egypt as a test case. More specifically, an examination of the exodus-pharaoh’s life will reveal whether Biblical history can be harmonized and synchronized with Egyptian history, and whether Biblical chronology is clear and trustworthy when relevant passages are interpreted literally. The need for evaluating the former premise is that many Egyptologists are leading the charge to deny the veracity of the exodus, attempting to persuade Biblical scholars and the Christian populace at large that the exodus never actually occurred... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : amenhotep, exodus, hatshepsut, moses, thutmosis, rameses, 1 kings 6, plagues, amarna, memphis stela, karnak stela, apiru, hazor
Moses and Hatshepsut One of the most interesting questions about Old Testament history concerns the Exodus occurrence and who might have been the Pharaoh. I will use current information about references to “Pharaoh’s daughter” (Ex 2:5, 7, 9, 10; Acts 7:21; Heb 11:24) as a foundation for investigation... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, hatshepsut, thutmosis, dynasty 18
Rare Wooden Statue of Hatshepsut Discovered in Egypt A team of Canadian archeologists has unearthed a rare wooden statue of a pharaoh at a dig site in southern Egypt, and clues suggest the figure may be an important new representation of Hatshepsut. Type: Post
Tags : Exodus, Hatshepsut, Thutmosis, Moses
The Woman Who Would Be King: National Geographic Review The National Geographic, April, 2009, issue has a report about the Egyptian 18th Dynasty queen, Hatshepsut, by writer Chip Brown. I also wrote an article about Hatshepsut in Bible and Spade, Winter 2003, that was republished in ABR’s electronic newsletter and on their website. In that article I argued Hatshepsut was the “Pharaoh’s daughter” mentioned in the second chapter of Exodus... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, hatshepsut, thutmosis, dynasty 18, moses
Recent Research on the Date and Setting of the Exodus Sadly, most contemporary Biblical scholars deny the historicity of God’s miraculous deliverance of Israel from Egypt as documented in the Old Testament (Ex 2–12) and alluded to in the New Testament (Acts 7:36; Rom 9:17)... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, rameses, conquest, jabin, amenhotep, perunefer, hatshepsut, tel el daba, moses
The Bible According to Karnak The Bible indicates that many important Biblical characters spent time in Egypt: Abraham (Gn 12:10–13:1, Jacob (Gn 46–50), Joseph (Gn 39–50), Moses (Ex 2–12), Joshua, (Nm 14:26–30), Jeremiah (Jer 43:6–8) and even baby Jesus (Mt 2:14–21). Trade routes led from Canaan directly to the Nile delta region, where Goshen was located. Called Lower Egypt because the Nile flows from the mountains in the south (Upper Egypt) to the Mediterranean Sea in the north, this is the part of Egypt where most Biblical characters lived and Biblical events took place... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt, Patriarchal Era
Tags : egypt, karnak, joseph, hatshepsut, luxor, valley of the kings, thutmosis
Dating Jericho's Destruction: Bienkowski is Wrong on All Counts In 1990, Dr. Bryant Wood published his well known article in Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR) on the destruction of Jericho and its correlation with the Biblical account. In the Sep./Oct. 1990 issue of BAR, Piotr Bienkowski wrote an article disputing Dr. Wood's conclusions. The following article engages with Bienkowski's criticisms, providing the reader with an in-depth analysis of some of the work done at Jericho, and demonstrating Dr. Wood's expertise and thorough familiarity with the evidence. This article provides some additional data not published in Dr. Wood's first BAR article, thus adding to the mountain of evidence demonstrating that Jericho was destroyed around 1400 B.C., the same time the Bible records that the events of Joshua 3-6 took place. Type: Post
Article Categories : Conquest of Canaan
Tags : Jericho, Joshua, Bienkowski, Garstang, Kenyon, Conquest
Israel in Egypt The main route between Canaan and Egypt was along the northern coast of Sinai. A number of Biblical figures no doubt traveled this road. Known to the Egyptians as “the Way of Horus,” and in the Bible as “the road through the Philistine country” (Ex 13:17), it ended in the eastern delta in the Goshen region. This is the part of Egypt where most Biblical characters lived and Biblical events took place... Type: Post
Article Categories : Patriarchal Era, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, exodus, rameses, hyksos
The Exodus Controversy It seems that every year, especially around the spring Passover season when Jews and many Christians commemorate Israel’s deliverance from Egypt, newspapers and magazines publish articles questioning the validity of the Biblical account of the Exodus... Type: Post
Article Categories : General Apologetics, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : Exodus, Minimalism, Maximalism, Absence of Evidence, Arguments from Silence
Did the Israelites Conquer Jericho? A New Look at the Archaeological Evidence The story of the Israelite conquest of Jericho (Joshua 2-6) is one of the best known and best loved in the entire Bible. The vivid description of faith and victory has been a source of inspiration for countless generations of Bible readers. But did it really happen as the Bible describes it? Type: Post
Article Categories : Conquest of Canaan
Tags : kenyon, garstang, city iv, conquest, jericho, late bronze, joshua
The Royal Precinct at Rameses When Jacob and his family migrated to Egypt, they were settled in “the land of Rameses.” Initially, they were property owners there. Soon, however, the Egyptians subjected the Israelites to bondage, using them as slave laborers to build the city of Rameses... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : rameses, el daba, rowaty, peru-nefer, hyksos, bietak, amenhotep
New Discoveries at Rameses In the Spring 2004 issue of Bible and Spade, I reported on the important discovery of a royal precinct at Rameses, the setting of events recorded in the early chapters of Exodus. The article summarizes the results of excavations undertaken from 1993 to 2000. In the present article I would like to bring readers up to date with the results of further work at the site in the fall of 2004 and spring of 2005, based on a preliminary report published by the excavators... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, exodus, rameses
Amenhotep II as Pharaoh of the Exodus The Biblical book of Exodus does not name the Pharaoh whom Moses encountered after his return from Sinai. This absence has provided the occasion for considerable controversy and speculation as to just who this Pharaoh was and when he ruled in Egypt. Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : amenhotep, exodus, thutmosis, thebes, memphis, karnak
An Army of Straw Men: Responding to Ronald Hendel In the July/August 2010 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, a disturbing and highly prejudicial, anti-Christian column was published. The main thrust of this article aims directly and antagonistically at Christian scholars who hold to any form of orthodoxy... Type: Post
Article Categories : Contemporary Issues, General Apologetics
Tags : Ronald Hendel, Post-Modernism, two-story reality, Van Til, Francis Schaeffer, interpreting facts, presuppositions, humanism, origin of the bible, wellhausen, silver scrolls, science vs. faith, romans 1, redactor, reason, pentateuch, patriarchs
King Solomon in His Ancient Context The Solomon Narrative describes a greater range of material culture than other parts of Kings. It therefore allows greater possibility for assessment in the context of the ancient world: can the creations attributed to Solomon’s craftsmen be set comfortably in the tenth century, or do they belong only to later years? Type: Post
Article Categories : Judges-United Monarchy
Tags : Solomon, gold, 2 kings, temple, gezer, hazor, megiddo, shishaq, ashurnasirpal
Monumental Misconceptions Recently, we received an email from a visitor named "Jenny". Jenny made a long list of claims about the Bible. Sadly, most people hold these views because of what they read on the internet or watch on TV. Many have been lied to by their unbelieving college professors and mentors. Some even learn these erroneous views about the Bible in Christian colleges and seminaries! In providing this rather long and detailed response, it is our hope that "Jenny" and others like her will seriously reconsider the authority of the Bible and its author, Yahweh, and the claims of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Type: Post
Article Categories : General Apologetics
Tags : Egypt, Exodus, Canaan, Jericho, Ai, Hazor, Joseph, Temple Mount, JEDP
Megiddo, The Place of Battles Although Megiddo has been extensively chronicled in extra-biblical sources, it is only mentioned 12 times in the OT1 and once, indirectly, as Armageddon in the NT (Rv 16:16). Most Christians know the book of Revelation prophesies an end-times battle that will be fought at a place called Armageddon (Rv 16:16), and many know that Armageddon is, in fact, a corruption of the Greek word, Ἁρμαγεδών (Harmagedon) or “the hill of Megiddo.” A 35-acre (14 hectare) mound, 200 ft (60 m) high, in northwest Israel called Tell el-Mutesellim is believed to be the site of Megiddo. Type: Post
Article Categories : Conquest of Canaan, Judges-United Monarchy
Tags : Megiddo, Armageddon, Tell el- Mutesellim
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