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The Royal Precinct at Rameses When Jacob and his family migrated to Egypt, they were settled in “the land of Rameses.” Initially, they were property owners there. Soon, however, the Egyptians subjected the Israelites to bondage, using them as slave laborers to build the city of Rameses... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : rameses, el daba, rowaty, peru-nefer, hyksos, bietak, amenhotep
Recent Research on the Date and Setting of the Exodus Sadly, most contemporary Biblical scholars deny the historicity of God’s miraculous deliverance of Israel from Egypt as documented in the Old Testament (Ex 2–12) and alluded to in the New Testament (Acts 7:36; Rom 9:17)... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, rameses, conquest, jabin, amenhotep, perunefer, hatshepsut, tel el daba, moses
Rameses: Wrath of God or Man? The Discovery Channel special Rameses: Wrath of God or Man? suggested the eldest son of Rameses II (the Great) was the firstborn son of the Egyptian Pharaoh killed by the tenth plague... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : rameses, exodus
New Discoveries at Rameses In the Spring 2004 issue of Bible and Spade, I reported on the important discovery of a royal precinct at Rameses, the setting of events recorded in the early chapters of Exodus. The article summarizes the results of excavations undertaken from 1993 to 2000. In the present article I would like to bring readers up to date with the results of further work at the site in the fall of 2004 and spring of 2005, based on a preliminary report published by the excavators... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, exodus, rameses
Israel in Egypt The main route between Canaan and Egypt was along the northern coast of Sinai. A number of Biblical figures no doubt traveled this road. Known to the Egyptians as “the Way of Horus,” and in the Bible as “the road through the Philistine country” (Ex 13:17), it ended in the eastern delta in the Goshen region. This is the part of Egypt where most Biblical characters lived and Biblical events took place... Type: Post
Article Categories : Patriarchal Era, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, exodus, rameses, hyksos
Rameses II Temple Unearthed in Upper Egypt Excavations in Upper Egypt's Ehnasia archaeological area in Beni-Sueif recently uncovered the remains of a 3,000 year old temple dating from the reign of ancient Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II. Type: Post
The Rise and Fall of the 13th Century Exodus-Conquest Theory The 13th century exodus-conquest theory was formulated by William F. Albright in the 1930s, based largely on Palestinian archaeological evidence, and promoted by him throughout his career. In spite of the fact that the theory runs counter to Scripture, a number of evangelicals continue to hold to this view... Type: Post
Article Categories : Conquest of Canaan, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : Exodus, beitin, et-tell, kitchen, yam suph, red sea, apiru, rameses, bietek, jericho, ai, maqatir, hazor, amarna, merneptah
The Assassination of Rameses III Conspirators murdered Egyptian King Rameses III by slitting his throat, experts now believe, based on a new forensic analysis. The first CT scans to examine the king's mummy reveal a cut to the neck deep enough to be fatal. Type: Post
Tags : Rameses III
The Biblical Date for the Exodus is 1446 BC: A Response to James Hoffmeier The date of the Biblical Exodus-Conquest is clear. 1 Kgs 6:1 and 1 Chr 6:33–37 converge on a date of 1446 BC for the exodus and the Jubilees data and Judges 11:26 independently converge on a date of 1406 BC for the beginning of the conquest. The 1406 BC date is further confirmed by archaeological data from Jericho, Ai (Kh. el-Maqatir) and Hazor... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, conquest, 1 kings 6, rameses
Historical Synchronisms and the Date of the Exodus For those that hold a high view of Scripture and believe the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt actually happened, there are two major positions today regarding when that event occurred... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, exodus, rameses
The Exodus Controversy It seems that every year, especially around the spring Passover season when Jews and many Christians commemorate Israel’s deliverance from Egypt, newspapers and magazines publish articles questioning the validity of the Biblical account of the Exodus... Type: Post
Article Categories : General Apologetics, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : Exodus, Minimalism, Maximalism, Absence of Evidence, Arguments from Silence
New Evidence from Egypt on the Location of the Exodus Sea Crossing: Part II If the Reed Sea can be located somewhere along the marshy lake district of the Isthmus of Suez, which separates the cultivated delta from the barren desert, then the place names in the Exodus account can be centralized to a specific area... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : exodus, yam suph, red sea, tjaru, rameses, succoth, etham, migdol
The Name Yahweh in Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts It is generally accepted that the term Shasu means nomads or Bedouin people, referring primarily to the nomadic or semi-nomadic peoples of Syria-Palestine. There are two significant hieroglyphic references in New Kingdom period texts to an area called “the land of the Shasu of Yahweh.” Except for the Old Testament, these are the oldest references found in any ancient texts to the God Yahweh. The purpose of this paper is to study these two references and assess their possible importance in dating the Exodus account... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : yahweh, shasu, apiru, rameses, medinet habu, moabite stone, tel el daba, hyksos, exodus, succoth
Mount Sinai is NOT Jebel al-Lawz in Saudi Arabia This paper examines three aspects of the identification of Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia. First, the paper questions the credibility of the claims. Second, the paper disputes the false assumptions by the proponents of Jebel al-Lawz. Third, the paper examines the archaeological evidence... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : Ron Wyatt, jebel al-lawz, Mount Sinai, bob cornuke, suez, eilat, exodus, akaba
Amenhotep II and the Historicity of the Exodus Pharaoh The present in-depth work examines the trustworthiness of Biblical history by using the Hebrew exodus from Egypt as a test case. More specifically, an examination of the exodus-pharaoh’s life will reveal whether Biblical history can be harmonized and synchronized with Egyptian history, and whether Biblical chronology is clear and trustworthy when relevant passages are interpreted literally. The need for evaluating the former premise is that many Egyptologists are leading the charge to deny the veracity of the exodus, attempting to persuade Biblical scholars and the Christian populace at large that the exodus never actually occurred... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : amenhotep, exodus, hatshepsut, moses, thutmosis, rameses, 1 kings 6, plagues, amarna, memphis stela, karnak stela, apiru, hazor
Joseph in Egypt: Part VI We do not know how many years Joseph served as Egypt’s Vizier (Prime Minister). It is very interesting that he evidently held two key titles, Vizier and Chief Steward of the King. This is relatively unusual in Egyptian history... Type: Post
Article Categories : Patriarchal Era
Tags : joseph, genesis, hyksos, mummies, semites in egypt, vizier, rameses
The Bible According to Karnak The Bible indicates that many important Biblical characters spent time in Egypt: Abraham (Gn 12:10–13:1, Jacob (Gn 46–50), Joseph (Gn 39–50), Moses (Ex 2–12), Joshua, (Nm 14:26–30), Jeremiah (Jer 43:6–8) and even baby Jesus (Mt 2:14–21). Trade routes led from Canaan directly to the Nile delta region, where Goshen was located. Called Lower Egypt because the Nile flows from the mountains in the south (Upper Egypt) to the Mediterranean Sea in the north, this is the part of Egypt where most Biblical characters lived and Biblical events took place... Type: Post
Article Categories : Patriarchal Era, Exodus from Egypt
Tags : egypt, karnak, joseph, hatshepsut, luxor, valley of the kings, thutmosis
New Evidence from Egypt on the Location of the Exodus Sea Crossing: Part I It may come as a surprise to many students of the Bible that in the original Hebrew text the body of water the Israelites crossed when leaving Egypt is called yam suph, “Sea of Reeds,” not Red Sea... Type: Post
Article Categories : Exodus from Egypt
Tags : Exodus, Yam Suph, Red Sea, Tjaru
The Duration of the Israelite Sojourn In Egypt There has been a division among scholars as to whether the sojourn of the Israelites in Egypt was 215 (or 210) years long, or 430 years long. Although, along with Genesis 15:13-21, Exodus 12:40 is our primary source, evidences other than the variants of the ancient translations of the Scriptures are needed in order to reach a decision with respect to whether the long chronology or the short one for the Israelite sojourn in Egypt is to be preferred. Type: Post
Article Categories : Patriarchal Era
Tags : Sojourn, Exodus, Joseph, Rameses, Hyksos, Tel el daba, Perunefer
Monumental Misconceptions Recently, we received an email from a visitor named "Jenny". Jenny made a long list of claims about the Bible. Sadly, most people hold these views because of what they read on the internet or watch on TV. Many have been lied to by their unbelieving college professors and mentors. Some even learn these erroneous views about the Bible in Christian colleges and seminaries! In providing this rather long and detailed response, it is our hope that "Jenny" and others like her will seriously reconsider the authority of the Bible and its author, Yahweh, and the claims of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Type: Post
Article Categories : General Apologetics
Tags : Egypt, Exodus, Canaan, Jericho, Ai, Hazor, Joseph, Temple Mount, JEDP
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